History of the Americas Cup
1967 || 1970 || 1974 || 1977
1967 - Intrepid Takes a Bow, Downing Dame Pattie, 4-0
Considered by many to be the greatest 12-meter ever built, the Olin Stephens-designed Intrepid took on Australias Dame Pattie. With the exception of a brief moment in the second race, however, the determined crew from the Royal Sydney Yacht Squadron could only watch Intrepids stern as Bus Mosbacher sailed her to his second successful Cup defense.
1970 - Intrepid Repeats, Leaves Packer Howling, 4-1This challenge marked the beginning of the multiple challenges, and newspaper magnate Frank Packer had to dispose of Baron Marcel Bich of France before engaging the previous winner, Intrepid. Gretel |, a new design from Alan Payne, was the most competitive 12-meter challenger yet, but good crew work aboard Intrepid and winning a controversial protest in the second race ensured yet another American victory.
Packer did not go quietly, however, and his accusations of cheating against the NYYCthe door to Intrepids head had been removed, fairings were installed near Intrepids rudder, and Gretel |s disqualification in Race 2errupted in a war of words that initiated correspondence between the Australian consulate and the U.S. State Department. Nonetheless, finishing first in two races on the water made the Aussies more determined than ever to continue coming for the Cup.
1974 - Courageous Turns Back Australian Tide, 4-0
The match itself was anti-climactical after the hottly contested defender trials between two-time winner Intrepid and Olin Stephens new aluminum-hulled Courageous, which quickly dispatched Alan Bonds Southern Cross in four straight races. The refitted Intrepid, sailed by a West Coast syndicate headed by San Diegos Gerry Driscoll, came within one race of becoming a three-time defender.
The 22nd defense of the Americas Cup was a milestone on a number of counts:
- It marked the transition from wooden to aluminum hulls.
- It was syndicate boss Alan Bonds blustery entry into a relatively unknown sporting event that he later turned into a household wordat the expense of Dennis Conner, who also participated in his first Americas Cup as starting helmsman and tactician for Ted Hood aboard Courageous.
- It was the first time an organized challenger elimination series was conducted in the same waters that the match would be held. Frances Baron Bich (of Bic pen fame) was back with France I, but the French boat was no match for Southern Cross, designed by Bob Miller (who later made history under the name Ben Lexcen).
1977 - Courageous Beats Bondy Again, 4-0
Like Columbia and Intrepid before her, Courageous became the third defender to win back-to-back Americas Cup matches. This time it was the flamboyant Ted "Capt. Outrageous" Turner at the helm, having bested two new boats in the defender trials. Alan Bond was back with his new Australia, which emerged atop a fleet of five challenging sailboats that also included Baron Bichs France |, Swedens Sverige and Gretel |. The match, however, was a replay of 1974, with Courageous winning four straight.
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